Strategies

Citation Tools

Citation tools include citation managers that allow you to create and organize a personal research library, share with other researchers, cite resources, generate bibliographies, and more.[1]
Examples of citation managers include:
  • EndNote: a bibliographic management program that allows users to organize their references, images and PDFs, and create bibliographies and figure lists. Use of EndNote requires the purchase of a license. A free, limited online version is available called EndNote Basic. (More details and a guide to using EndNote available here)

Choosing between  Zotero, Mendeley, and EndNote

These popular citation managers all provide the same basic features and functionality with a few exceptions and some features specific to particular tools. Use the chart below to narrow down your choices, the rest is personal preference.  Talk to people in your department – some disciplines tend to use one tool more than others.

Citation Manager Comparison Chart
Criteria Zotero Mendeley EndNote EndNote Basic
Web based? Can sync with online account; connectors for Firefox, Chrome and Safari and Opera available Not primarily, but can sync with an online account which is editable Yes, with EndNote basic account Yes
Must be online? No No No Yes
Cost Free for basic account, some cost for more online storage space Free for basic account, some cost for more online storage space $$, Student discount through computer store Free
Word-processor compatibility MS Word, Open Office, Google Docs MS Word, Open Office, LaTex MS Office, Open Office, iWork Pages MS Word
Import from databases Yes Yes Direct export from specific databases Yes
Import citation info from web pages Yes, also archives the page and you can add annotations Yes, with a bookmark for a limited number of sites (mostly publishers or databases) Yes, with Web Capture tool and EndNote basic account Yes, with Web Capture tool
Storage capacity Unlimited local storage and data syncing; 100MB free Zotero file syncing (larger syncing plans available for purchase); or can use WebDav Unlimited local storage and data syncing; 1GB personal and 100MB shared online space (larger online storage plans available for purchase) Unlimited local storage Limited to 50,000 citations and 2 GB of attachment storage
Attach associated files (PDFs, etc.) Yes, with option to attach automatically Yes, and can highlight and annotate PDFs Yes, and can highlight and annotate PDFs Yes
Search full text of PDFs Yes Yes Yes No
Create group or shared libraries Yes Yes, free for up to 3 group members (larger group plans available for purchase) Yes, with EndNote basic account Yes
Create bibliography with different styles Yes Yes Yes Yes
Automatic citation extraction from PDFs Yes Yes Yes No
Other features Sync library with multiple computers
Use tags to organize/search
Sync library with multiple computers
Sync with Zotero library
Insert figures and charts using word processor integration

License

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PSU Extension Research Resources Handbook by Creative Commons Licensing is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.