Topic 1 Gender and Number of Definite and Indefinite Articles

Género y número de los artículos

The English language has two kinds of articles.

A table that shows the two kinds of english articles, followed by an example of the article.
Definite Article The Spanish book. The red apple.
Indefinite Article (any) A book.  An apple.

The Spanish language has the two articles as well, but they are characterized:

  • by gender and number
  • both articles, definite or indefinite, must agree with the noun.


El libro verde.
El is the definite article, libro is the noun, verde is the adjective, very specific.
Notice that all three, the article, the noun, and the adjective are masculine/singular.
Un libro.
Un is the indefinite article, libro is the noun.
Notice that both, the indefinite article and the noun, are masculine/singular.


Los libros verdes.
Los is the definite article, libros is the noun, verdes is the adjective, very specific.
Notice that all three, the definite article, the noun and the adjective  are masculine/plural.


A table that displays definite and indefinite articles for gender singular and gender plural.
Article Gender Singular Gender Plural
DEFINITE el/la (the) los/las
INDEFINITE un/una (a,an) unos, unas


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