Topic 3 Gender and Number of Adjectives

Género y número de los adjetivos

An adjective describes a noun.
A Spanish adjective agrees in gender and number with the noun it modifies, and
ALMOST always follow the noun it describes.

 

Los colores Colors

negro/a
blanco/a
rojo/a
rosado/a
morado/a
amarillo/a
anaranjado/a

Gender Neutrals

azul
verde
marrón
gris

 

El libro negro
Checklist

  • Sentence order: article adjective noun
  • Gender: masculine
  • Number: singular

 

 

 

  • Adjectives that do not end in -o have the same form for describing both, masculine and feminine nouns.
A table that displays adjectives that do not end in ‘o’, and have the same form for describing both, masculine and feminine nouns
El taco excelente La comida excelente
El poema interesante La clase interesante
El carro gris La mochila gris
El libro verde La mesa verde

 

  • Gender specific adjectives to describe things, yourself and others.
A table that displays gender specific adjectives in spanish, followed by the english translation.
barato/a inexpensive pequeño/a small feo/a ugly rico/a rich
caro/a expensive fantástico/a fantastic viejo/a old gordo/a fat
estupendo/a terrific sincero/a sincere simpático/a nice tacaño/a stingy
delgado/a thin guapo/a handsome/beautiful hermoso/a beautiful
A table that displays examples of gender specific adjectives with nouns.
La casa maravillosa El libro maravilloso
La chica estupenda El chico estupendo
La mochila amarilla es hermosa El carro rojo es hermoso

 

  • Other adjectives
A table that displays examples of other adjectives.
agradable pleasant alegre happy triste sad debil weak
fuerte strong frágil fragile grande big horrible horrible
joven young pobre poor difícil difficult inteligente intelligent
A table that displays examples of other adjectives.
La chica agradable El chico agradable
La mujer joven El hombre joven

 

Escríbelo…

 

Los adjetivos y el verbo Ser Adjectives and the verb SER

 

Ser (to be)

 

A table that displays examples of the verb “Ser” and its usage with nouns.
Yo soy
eres
Usted, él, ella es
Nosotros somos
Ustedes, ellos(as) son

 

  • The verb ser (to be), in Spanish is used with adjectives that describe basic, characteristics or inherent qualities of the noun they modify.
A table that displays usage examples of the verb “Ser” with nouns.
Soy alta. I am tall. Eres inteligente. You are smart. El perro es grande. The dog is big.

 

Escríbelo…

To describe yourself, choose five adjectives from below and form five sentences. Don’t forget gender.

 

  • alto
  • rico
  • simpático
  • inteligente
  • listo
  • feo
  • sincero
  • estudioso
  • joven
  • viejo

 

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Topic 3 Gender and Number of Adjectives by Ana Ivette Serrano and Serrano, Ana is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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