Section III: The Spanish Verbs

Topic 3 The Present Progressive

El presente progresivo

Estar + -ando/-iendo

estoy

estás

está

estamos

están

hablando

comiendo

escribiendo

The present progressive

  • In Spanish the present progressive is used to indicate that an action is happening right now.
    • Julia está comiendo ahora mismo. Julia is eating right now.
  • The present progressive is formed with the verb estar plus the present participle (el gerundio), -ando for verbs that end in -ar, and -iendo for verbs that end in -er or -ir.
    (hablar) Estoy hablando por teléfono. I am talking on the phone.
    (comer) Estoy comiendo pizza. I am eating pizza.
    (escribir) Estoy escribiendo una carta. I am writing a letter.
  • The ending of the present participle never changes; it always ends in -o.
  • In English, a present participle is a verb that ends in -ing.
  • Verbs like leer and oir are conjugated with a “y” as follows
    leer le + iendo ⇒ leyendo
    oir o + iendo ⇒ oyendo
  • Present participle of -ir stem-changing verbs.
    preferir prefiero prefiriendo
    pedir pido pidiendo
    dormir duermo durmiendo
    servir sirvo sirviendo
    vestirse *me visto vistiendo
  • Position of reflexive pronouns when using the present progressive is as follows:
    • Before the conjugated form of estar.
      • Me estoy vistiendo. I am getting dressed.
    • Attached to the end of the present participle.
      • Estoy vistiendome.

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