Topic 3 The Present Progressive

El presente progresivo

Estar + -ando/-iendo



The present progressive

  • In Spanish the present progressive is used to indicate that an action is happening right now.
    • Julia está comiendo ahora mismo. Julia is eating right now.
  • The present progressive is formed with the verb estar plus the present participle (el gerundio), -ando for verbs that end in -ar, and -iendo for verbs that end in -er or -ir.
A table that displays examples of how the present progressive is formed.
(hablar) Estoy hablando por teléfono. I am talking on the phone.
(comer) Estoy comiendo pizza. I am eating pizza.
(escribir) Estoy escribiendo una carta. I am writing a letter.
  • The ending of the present participle never changes; it always ends in -o.
  • In English, a present participle is a verb that ends in -ing.
  • Verbs like leer and oir are conjugated with a “y” as follows
A table that displays two examples of how the present participle is formed
leer le + iendo = leyendo
oir o + iendo = oyendo
  • Present participle of -ir stem-changing verbs.
A table that displays the present participle of -ir stem-changing verbs.
preferir prefiero prefiriendo
pedir pido pidiendo
dormir duermo durmiendo
servir sirvo sirviendo
vestirse *me visto vistiendo
  • Position of reflexive pronouns when using the present progressive is as follows:
    • Before the conjugated form of estar.
      • Me estoy vistiendo. I am getting dressed.
    • Attached to the end of the present participle.
      • Estoy vistiendome.



Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Spanish 001 by Ana Ivette Serrano and Gisela Serrano-Lebrón is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book