Topic 1 Common Greetings



   Buenos días.
Good morning.
   Buenas tardes.
Good afternoon.
   Buenas noches.
Good evening.
   ¿Cómo está usted?
How are you? (formal)
¿Cómo estás tú? How are you? (informal)
(Muy) Bien. (Very) Good
(Muy) Mal. (Very) Bad
¿Qué tal?
¿Cómo se llama? (formal)
¿Cómo te llamas? (informal)
Me llamo… My name is…
Mucho gusto. Nice to meet you


1. Hola, buenos días, ¿Cómo estás?
Buenos días, estoy bien,  ¿y tú?
Bien, ¿y tú?
¿Cómo te llamas?
Me llamo… ¿y tú?
Me llamo…
2. Hola, buenas tardes, ¿cómo está usted?
Buenas tardes, bien gracias, ¿y usted?
¿Cómo se llama usted?
Me llamo… ¿y usted?
Me llamo…
Hasta pronto.


Despedidas Goodbyes


   Hasta luego.
So long.

   Hasta pronto.
See you soon

   Hasta mañana.
Until tomorrow.



Expresiones de cortesía
Courtesy Expressions

Por favor.

Lo siento.
I am sorry. (Use this to convey deep sorrow; otherwise use perdón.)

Con permiso.
With your permission/excuse me.

Gracias. Muchas gracias.
Thank you. Thank you very much.

De nada.
You’re welcome.

Excuse me. (A light version of lo siento)



Just like in English, we have words or phrases to express courtesy.  Besides greetings, these are some words that will show Spanish speakers you have “buenos modales” (that you are polite).


por favor                     lo siento                      con permiso                muchas gracias


perdón / disculpe         gracias                         salud                            de nada



  1. You need a favor from your classmate, you say __________________________________________


  1. You feel sorry for talking during class, you say___________________________________________


  1. Your classmate sneezes, you say______________________________________________________


  1. You want to thank a classmate for letting you know what was the homework on the day you were absent, you say_______________________________________


  1. Your friend has just thanked you for your help, you say____________________________________


  1. You need to pass in front of two people who are talking, you say_____________________________


  1. You are walking down the street and you need to know the time, you say______________________


  1. You need to leave early during a meeting, when you excuse yourself, you say __________________


  1. After you sneeze and your classmates say “Salud”, you say_________________________________


  1. You forget you had told your friend you would help them move and forgot to show up that day, you say ____________________________________


  1. You are talking to someone and you need to excuse yourself for a moment, you say __________________________________________


  1. After someone passes away, you want to express your condolences, you say __________________



In Spanish many words have written accentuation or Acentos

To place the Acentos over the vowels, use the following keyboard shortcuts for international symbols.

Press Alt and the following number simultaneously and let go of the keys.

For Apple products, press Option E to display the accent, then type the desired letter.


Alt 0225 á      Alt 0193 Á

Alt 0233 é     Alt 0201 É

Alt 0237  í     Alt 0205 Í

Alt 0243 ó     Alt 0211 Ó

Alt 0250 ú     Alt 0218 Ú

Alt 164 ñ    Alt 165 Ñ

Alt 168 ¿



Write a conversation.

Using the following examples, choose the appropriate expressions and introduce yourself to two classmates. Write a greeting under Estudiante 1 column. Follow with an appropriate response under Estudiante 2 column. PLEASE NOTE For this activity  you will need to complete the exercise in a word document or a page of notebook paper. It is not available as an interactive exercise like the activities above. 

  1. Hola / Adiós / Hasta luego
  2. Buenos días / Buenas tardes / Buenas noches
  3. ¿Cómo estás / ¿Cómo está usted?
  4. ¿Cómo te llamas? / ¿Cómo se llama usted?
Ejemplo: Hola Buenas tardes


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Spanish 001 PSU New Kensington Copyright © 2019 by Ana Ivette Serrano is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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