Topic 3 Gender and Number of Adjectives

Género y número de los adjetivos

An adjective describes a noun.
A Spanish adjective agrees in gender and number with the noun it modifies, and
ALMOST always follow the noun it describes.


Los colores Colors


Gender Neutrals



El libro negro

  1. Sentence order: article adjective noun
  2. Gender: masculine
  3. Number: singular
  • Adjectives that do not end in -o have the same form for describing both, masculine and feminine nouns.
El taco excelente La comida excelente
El poema interesante La clase interesante
El carro gris La mochila gris
El libro verde La mesa verde


  • Gender specific adjectives to describe things, yourself and others.
barato/a inexpensive pequeño/a small feo/a ugly rico/a rich
caro/a expensive fantástico/a fantastic viejo/a old gordo/a fat
estupendo/a terrific sincero/a sincere simpático/a nice tacaño/a stingy
delgado/a thin guapo/a handsome/beautiful hermoso/a beautiful
La casa maravillosa El libro maravilloso
La chica estupenda El chico estupendo
La mochila amarilla es hermosa El carro rojo es hermoso


  • Other adjectives
agradable pleasant alegre happy triste sad debil weak
fuerte strong frágil fragile grande big horrible horrible
joven young pobre poor difícil difficult inteligente intelligent
La chica agradable El chico agradable
La mujer joven El hombre joven




Los adjetivos y el verbo Ser Adjectives and the verb SER

Ser (to be)

Yo soy
Usted, él, ella es
Nosotros somos
Ustedes, ellos(as) son
  • The verb ser (to be), in Spanish is used with adjectives that describe basic, characteristics or inherent qualities of the noun they modify.
Soy alta. I am tall. Eres inteligente. You are smart. El perro es grande. The dog is big.



To describe yourself, choose five adjectives from below and form five sentences. Don’t forget gender.


  • alto
  • rico
  • simpático
  • inteligente
  • listo
  • feo
  • sincero
  • estudioso
  • joven
  • viejo



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Spanish 001 PSU New Kensington Copyright © 2019 by Ana Ivette Serrano is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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