Chapter 1

Regular & Irregular Verbs Preterit

The Preterit Tense of Regular Verbs

Los verbos regulares y el pretérito

Present Tense of Regular Verbs
Subject Pronoun -ar -er -ir
yo o o o
as es es
Ud./él/ella a e e
nosotros amos emos imos
Uds.ellos/as an en en
Preterit Tense of Regular Verbs
Subject Pronoun

-ar -er -ir
yo é í í
aste iste iste
Ud./él/ella ó
nosotros amos imos imos
Uds.ellos/as aron ieron ieron

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

You have already learned the anatomy of a Spanish verb. Therefore, remember that the only thing that is changing in a REGULAR VERB is the ending of the verbs.

The Preterit tense is used to talk about completed actions in the past. The endings indicate the tense. The tables above, when compared, those changes from the present to the preterit are clear.

  • Completed events
    • La maestra visitó la playa ayer. The teacher visited the beach yesterday.
  • Beginning and end
    • La clase terminó tarde. The class ended late.
  • Specific dates or and times
    • Enrique regresó el lunes pasado. Enrique returned last Monday.
  • Events in a sequence
    • Llegué tarde, comí pizza y bebí agua. I arrived late, ate pizza, and drank water.

 

Common regular -ar verbs
A table that displays common regular -ar verbs.
necesitar
to need
ahorrar
to save
alquilar
to rent
apagar
to turn off
arreglar
to arrange
ayudar
to help
bailar
to dance
practicar
to practice
borrar
to erase
buscar
to look for
llegar
to arrive
caminar
to walk
bailar
to dance
celebrar
to celebrate
mirar
to look
estudiar
to
study
comprar
to buy
contestar
to answer
lang=”es”desear
to want
disfrutar
to enjoy
escuchar
to listen
llorar
to cry
trabajar
to work
repasar
to review

 

Common regular -er verbs
A table that displays common regular -er verbs.
aprender
to learn
beber
to drink
comer
to eat
comprender
to understand
correr
to run
leer
to read
prender
to turn on
romper
to break
toser
to cough
vender
to sell
nacer
To be born

 

Common regular -ir verbs
A table that displays common regular -ir verbs.
Abrir
to open
añadir
to add
asistir
to attend
Describir
to describe
Discutir
to discuss
escribir
to write
interrumpir
to interrupt

 

Practícalo…
Read out loud the following phrases and identify the endings.
A table that displays phrases in spanish for the student to practice saying out loud.
Hablé español en la clase.
Comí vegetales ayer.
Viví en Pensilvania.
Ayudate a tu amiga.
Comprendiste el vocabulario. Abriste el libro
Bailó toda la noche
Bebió café en la mañana.
Escribió poemas.
Compramos un carro rojo. Aprendimos a nadar. Abrimos el libro
Trabajaron mucho. Vendieron elcarro. Discutieron la lección.

 

The Preterit Tense of Irregular Verbs
Los Verbos irregulares en el pretérito

 

Some irregular Verbs in the Preterit Tense
A table that displays some irregular verbs in the preterit tense. It also displays the appropriate object pronoun prior to the verb.
Pronoun Estar (to be) Tener (to have) Ser (to be) Ir (to go)
estuviste tuviste fuiste fuiste
Ud./El/ella estuvo tuvo fue fue
Nosotros estuvimos tuvimos fuimos fuimos
Uds./ellos/as estuvieron tuvieron fueron fueron

 

Ser (to be) and Ir (to go) are irregular verbs that are identical when conjugated in the preterit tense.

 

A table that displays irregular verbs of Ser (to be).
Ser (to be)
Yo fui cuidadosa.
I was careful.
fuiste buena amiga.
You were a good friend.
A table that displays irregular verbs of Ir (to go).
Ir (to go)
Fui a la cafetería
I went to the cafeteria.
Fuiste a la playa.
You went to the beach.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other common irregular verbs in the preterit

  • hacer (to do, make) yo hice, hiciste, hizo hicmos, hiceron
  • poner (to put) yo puse, pusiste, puso, pusimos, pusieron
  • traer (to bring) yo traje, trajiste, trajo, traimos, trajeron

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Spanish 002 by Ana Serrano is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.