Appendix B: Foodservice Equipment

Learning Objectives:

  • Identify equipment used in commercial foodservice kitchens
  • Select appropriate commercial equipment to use in a quantity foodservice recipe originally written for home use

Key Terms:

  • Rangetop
    • a device commonly used for cookery which is commonly found in kitchens, for applying heat to the base of pans. Cooktops are commonly powered by gas or electricity and often found integrated with an oven.
An oven with a gas burner stove on top is shown. Black metal rod grates allow pots and pans to sit atop the flames.

Range Top by Marcelo / CC0

https://pixnio.com/objects/kitchen-stainless-steel-gas-stove#

 

  • Flattop
    • a type of cooking range whose surface is sort of a cross between a griddle and a grill. Unlike a grill, a flat top doesn’t have a grate, but simply a flat cooking surface.
      A grill's flat metal surface that is used to cook ingredients.
      A flat top grill

 

  • Induction Cooktop
    • A stove where your pan is heated by a magnetic field instead of having its bottom sitting on a flame with a gas cooktop or on an element with an electric stove.

 

  • Ovens
    • Conventional
      • An oven that uses radiant heat (such as from burners or heating elements) to heat; and does not use a fan to recirculate heated air or electromagnetic induction or other means to heat.

image

Conventional oven by HomeSpot HQ CC-BY

https://www.flickr.com/photos/86639298@N02/8560807496

  • Convection
    • An oven that has a fan with a heating element around it. A small fan circulates the air in the cooking chamber.

image

Convection oven by BoneDaddy.p7 CC-BY-SA

https://www.flickr.com/photos/bonedaddy/2889601088

  • Combi
    • an oven with three functions: convection, steam and combination cooking.

image

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Combi-Steamer_SL_V-Zug.jpg

BBCLCD CC-BY-SA from Wikimedia Commons

  • Broilers and Salamanders
    • a grill characterized by very high temperature overhead electric or gas heating elementsAn oven that heats from above.
  • Grill
    • a metal framework used for cooking food over an open fire; a gridiron.

image

https://pixabay.com/en/grill-burgers-food-meat-hamburgers-1710915/

CC0

  • Deep Fat Fryer
    • A heated vessel for frying food by immersing in hot fat or oil, as opposed to shallow frying in a frying pan.

image

https://pixabay.com/en/chips-eating-fat-food-drink-88117/

CC0

  • Tilt Skillet
    • a versatile restaurant appliance that holds 30 gallons and can be used to simmer, steam, braise, roast, saute, fry, boil or broilA large versatile restaurant kitchen appliance.
  • Steam-Jacketed Kettles
    • an improved, self-contained version of the large stockpot used for range top cooking. Steam kettles are often used to boil pasta, simmer sauces, stocks and stews.

An electrical appliance for making soups and stews, it is a metal pot with a spout that can be tilted to pour.
  • Steam Cookers
    • a kitchen appliance used to cook or prepare various foods with steam heat by means of holding the food in a closed vessel reducing steam escape.

 

image

https://pixabay.com/en/pot-steamed-steamed-food-2455645/

CC0

  • Mixers
    • a kitchen utensil which uses a gear-driven mechanism to rotate a set of beaters in a bowl containing the food to be prepared which automates the repetitive tasks of stirring, whisking or beating.
      • Bench
        • a mixer which sits on a counter and has hinges to allow the beaters to rise out of the mixing bowl

image

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:KitchenAid_MYER_Sydney_City_2013.jpg

Pear285 at English Wikipedia CC0

  • Floor
    • A large mixer which is 3 to 4 feet tall and sits on the floor.

image

https://www.maxpixel.net/Stirring-Device-Pastry-Chef-Food-Processor-798369

CC0

  • Attachments
    • Paddle
      • an accessory for a mixer that spins to mix the contents of the mixer’s bowl
A metal fan-shaped accessory for a mixer
  • Wire whip
    • Also called a whisk, this is a cooking utensil which fits into a mixer and can be used to blend ingredients smooth or to incorporate air into a mixture

image

https://www.maxpixel.net/Stirring-Device-Pastry-Chef-Food-Processor-798369

CC0 / cropped from original

  • Dough arm
    • a metal helical accessory for a mixer used to make dough
A strong helical metal attachment for a mixer

 

  • Buffalo Chopper (Food Chopper)

 

  • Slicer
    • a tool used in butcher shops and delicatessens to slice meats, sausages, cheeses and other deli products. Also called a slicing machine, deli slicer or a meat slicer.

image

 

  • Blender
    • a kitchen appliance used to mix, purée, or emulsify food and other substances. A stationary blender consists of a blender jar with a rotating metal blade at the bottom, powered by an electric motor in the base.

 

  • Burr Mixer (Immersion Blender)

 

  • Sous Vide
    • Immersion Circulator: an electrical appliance used for sous vide cooking that is immersed in a container of water and that circulates and heats the water to a precise, consistently maintained temperature

image

 

  • Vacuum Sealer
    • a device that enables a method of packaging that removes air from the package prior to sealing. This method involves (manually or automatically) placing items in a plastic film package, removing air from inside, and sealing the package.

image

 

  • Steam Table

 

  • Cold Food Storage Equipment
  • Reach-in
    • an enclosed storage space refrigerated to temperatures equivalent to a normal refrigerator and is closer in size to a household refrigerator than a walk-in cooler.

image

 

  • Freezer – Walk-in & Reach-in
    • an enclosed storage space refrigerated to temperatures equivalent to a freezer that can be walked into, and has a total storage area of less than 3,000 square feet

image

 

  • Cold Pass-through
    • a combination of a walk-in and reach-in cooler where you can enter the refrigerated area and stock the shelves in the back, while customers can access the refrigerated products through glass doors on the front.

image

 

  • Cold drawers
    • Refrigerated storage that open like drawers

image

 

  • Pots & Pans
    • Stockpot
      • a generic name for one of the most common types of cooking pot used worldwide. A stock pot is traditionally used to make stock or broth, which can be the basis for cooking more complex recipes
  • image
  • https://pxhere.com/en/photo/669039
  • CC0

 

  • Slotted
  • Perforated
  • image
  • https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cuiller_%C3%A0_trous_02.jpg
  • by Coyau, Wikimedia CC-BY-SA
  • Solid
  • image
  • https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dessert_Spoon.jpg
  • by Donovan Govan CC-BY-SA
  • Skimmer
    • A skimmer is a flat, sieve-like scoop or spoon used for skimming cooking liquids or lifting ripened cream from milk, such as a spider used in Chinese cuisine.
  • image
  • https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:H%C3%A5lslev.JPG
  • CC0
  • Tongs (metal, plastic) (short, medium, long-handled)
    • a type of tool used to grip and lift objects instead of holding them directly with hands. There are many forms of tongs adapted to their specific use. Some are merely large pincers or nippers, but most fall into these few classes:
      • Tongs that have long arms terminating in small flat circular ends of tongs and are pivoted at a joint close to the handle used to handle delicate objects. Common fire-tongs, used for picking up pieces of coal and placing them on a fire without burning fingers or getting them dirty are of this type. Tongs for grilling, tongs for serving salad or spaghetti are kitchen utensil of the same type. They provide a way to move, rotate and turn the food with delicate precision, or fetch a full serving in one grab.
      • Tongs consisting of a single band of metal bent round one or two bands joined at the head by a spring, as in sugar-tongs (a pair of usually silver tongs with claw-shaped or spoon-shaped ends for serving lump sugar), asparagus-tongs and the like.
      • Tongs in which the pivot or joint is placed close to the gripping ends are used to handle hard and heavy objects. Driller’s round tongs, blacksmith’s tongs or crucible tongs are of this type.
  • image
  • https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kitchen-tongs.png
  • CC0
  • Chinois
    • a conical sieve with an extremely fine mesh. It is used to strain custards, purees, soups, and sauces, producing a very smooth texture. It can also be used to dust food with a fine layer of powdered ingredient.
  • image
  • https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chinois.jpg
  • Laurent van Roy CC-BY-SA
  • Wire Mesh Strainer
    • A sieve, or sifter, is a device for separating wanted elements from unwanted material or for characterizing the particle size distribution of a sample, typically using a woven screen such as a mesh or net or metal.
  • image
  • https://pixabay.com/en/sieve-cook-silver-black-641426/
  • CC0
  • Tamis
    • A tamis (pronounced “tammy”, also known as a drum sieve, or chalni in Indian cooking) is a kitchen utensil, shaped somewhat like a snare drum, that acts as a strainer, grater, or food mill. A tamis has a cylindrical edge, made of metal or wood, that supports a disc of fine metal, nylon, or horsehair mesh. To use one, the cook places the tamis above a bowl and adds the ingredient to be strained in the center of the mesh.
  • image
  • https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tamises_metalicos.JPG
  • by João Carvalho CC-BY-SA
  • Colander
    • A colander (or cullender) is a bowl-shaped kitchen utensil with holes in it used for draining food such as pasta or rice.
  • image
  • https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Plastic_Colander.jpg
  • by Hustvedt, wikimedia CC-BY-SA
  • Food Mill
    • A food mill (also called passatutto, purée sieve, moulinette, mouli légumes, or passe-vite) is a food preparation utensil for mashing and sieving soft foods.
  • image
  • https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Food_Mill.jpg
  • CC0
  • Grater
    • A grater (also known as a shredder) is a kitchen utensil used to grate foods into fine pieces. It was invented by François Boullier in the 1540s, originally to grate cheese.
  • image
  • https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zest_Grater.jpg
  • Donovan Govan CC-BY-SA
  • Zester
    • A zester (also, citrus zester or lemon zester) is a kitchen utensil for obtaining zest from lemons and other citrus fruit.
  • image
  • https://www.flickr.com/photos/jackson3/3772401345/in/photostream/
  • by Steven Jackson, Flickr CC-BY
  • Tomato Shark

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Introduction to Food Production and Service by Beth Egan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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