|Pronoun||Indirect Object Pronoun||Direct Object Pronoun||Subject pronoun|
|Her/Him/It||*le (se)||lo, la||Ud./él/ella|
|Them||*les (se)||los, las||Uds./ellos/as|
The Direct Object Pronoun and the Indirect Object Pronoun are grammatical concepts use in English, as well as Spanish.
- Their function is to replace and avoid repetition of the name of a person or a thing.
- It simplifies a sentence. Think of “it.”
- The Direct Object Pronoun receives the action of the verb DIRECTLY.
- The Indirect Object Pronoun is the person or thing that receives INDIRECTLY that action.
I buy flowers for my daughter.
|ver/action||Direct Object Pronoun||Indirect Object Pronoun|
The indirect object pronoun always precedes the direct object pronoun, when both are in the same sentence.
Carlos me (indirect) dijo un secreto (direct).
Carlos told me a secret.
Me lo dijo.
He told it to me.
Single object pronouns, are place before a conjugated verb. Double object pronouns as well.
Sandra me va dar un regalo.
Sandra me lo va a dar.
When two pronouns are attached to an infinitive, a written accent is required.
Va a dármelo.
When an indirect object pronoun is in the third person, “le” or “les”, and is followed by the third person direct object pronoun, (“lo, la, los & las”) le or les changes to “se“.
Le doy el cuaderno. I give him the notebook.
Se lo doy. I give it to him.
“Se” may have several meanings. a prepositional phrase is often added for clarification.
Se la dio a ella.
He gave it to her.