Unit 12: The Present Perfect: Prizes That We Have Received
- To remember the vocabulary related to social problems in Colombia
- To understand the civil war in Colombia and to analyze the structure involving the Present Perfect.
- To review the uses of the prepositions “por/ para”
- To share a personal story of a prize or award that you have received.
Let’s think about awards or prizes that we have received maybe at work, at school, at home?Did your parents give you an award for doing your chores? for earning good grades? for taking care of your pet?Did your teachers give you an award for completing your homework? for reciting a poem? for running a race? for helping a classmate?
Did your boss give you an award for being diligent? for being on time? for being responsible? for being courteous? for being creative?
PACE activity on the Present Perfect:
Abran este enlace / Open this link:
Este articulo trata sobre el premio Nobel de la Paz 2016 al presidente de Colombia por sus esfuerzos para poner fin a la guerra entre el Frente Armado Revolucionario de Colombia (FARC) y el gobierno de Colombia.
Read the first paragraph.
What do you learn about the war in Colombia between the FARC and the government?
El mandatario = the person in charge
La fortaleza = the strength
La insurgencia = the insurgency, the rebel
El galardón = the award = el premio
El referéndum = the referendum, the vote
anunciar = to announce
galardonar = to award
galardonado = awarded
What does the first paragraph explain?
What has the President of Colombia received?
Why has he received it?
Who has awarded this price to him?
During how many years has this conflict (conflict) lasted?
How many victims have died during this time? Let’s review this link from the Centro Nacional de Memoria Histórica. First look at the sources. Who publishes this page? What is their bias or point of view? is it an independent organization? it is a government entity? https://centrodememoriahistorica.gov.co/262-197-muertos-dejo-el-conflicto-armado/
B.Attention to Form:
What is the Present Perfect? In English, we say: I have received many awards. I have received an award for using technology. And you? Have you received awards? Have you given awards? Have your parents received awards?
Notice how we use two verbs: the Present tense of “to have” and the past participle of a second verb to explain the action that had taken place.
Why do we use the Present Perfect? When we want to discuss a Past event that is related to our Present time. So, in this article, the President of Colombia has received the Nobel Peace Prize. He has received it because has made an effort. This effort has continued until today.
In Spanish, we use the Present tense of “haber” + Past Participle of a verb .
Can you find the 5 examples of the Present Perfect in the first paragraph? Can you underline them?
El presidente de Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos, ha sido galardonado con el Premio Nobel de la Paz 2016 por sus esfuerzos en el proceso para poner fin a la guerra acordado con la guerrilla de las FARC. El Comité Noruego del Nobel ha destacado del mandatario la “fortaleza” necesaria para afrontar la “tarea” del proceso de paz abierto con la insurgencia más antigua de América Latina tras más de 50 años de conflicto. “Colombianos, este premio es de ustedes. Lo recibo, en especial, en nombre de las millones de víctimas que ha dejado este conflicto que hemos sufrido”, ha dicho el mandatario este viernes, dos horas después de que se le anunciara el galardón en la Casa de Nariño, su residencia oficial, acompañado de su esposa María Clemencia de Santos.
C.Co-Construction: Now, can you fill in this table?
|Line number||Example of the Present Perfect||Structure of the Present Perfect (has two parts):
Present tense of “haber”
|+ Past Participle of which verb?||Can you translate the Past Perfect verb?||Who is the subject?||Can you translate the sentence?|
|1||ha sido||ha||sido (ser)||has been||the President||the President has been awarded|
Now, you can tell us about an award that you have received. Explain the award to your classmate. What was the award? When did you receive it? Why did you receive it? Who gave it to you? Then, your classmate will report to us about your award.
Ask the questions:
¿Qué premio has recibido?
¿Cuándo lo has recibido?
¿Por qué lo has recibido?
¿Quién te ha dado este premio? ¿Quién te lo ha dado?