Topic 1 Present Tense of Regular Verbs

Los verbos regulares y el presente

Present Tense of Regular Verbs

-ar -er -ir
yo -o -o -o
-as -es -es
Ud./él/ella -a -e -e
nosotros -amos -emos -imos
Uds./ellos/as -an -en -en

The anatomy of a Spanish verb.

The verb in its infinitive form indicates the action or state of being, with no reference to who or what performs the action or when it is done (present, past or future tense).

  • The verb has two parts
    • The stem
    • The ending

Stem

HABL

Ending

AR

HABLAR

To Speak

    • Infinitives in English are indicated by to: to speak, to eat, to live. In Spanish, all verbs in the infinitive have three endings:
      • -ar          Hablar to speak
      • -er          Comer to eat
      • -ir           Vivir to live

 

    • To conjugate a verb means to give the various forms of the verb the corresponding subject:
      • I speak, you speak, he/she speaks, etc.
        Yo hablo, tú hablas, él/ella habla, etc.
      • I eat, you eat, he/she eats, etc.
        Yo como, tú comes, él/ella come, etc.
      • I live, you live, he/she lives, etc.
        Yo vivo, tú vives, él/ella vive, etc.

 

    • There are three classifications of verbs.
      • Regular
        when conjugated into a person or tense, the stem is not impacted
      • Irregular
        when conjugated, first person singular has a “g” or a “y”
      • Stem-Changing
        when conjugated, there are changes IN the stem

 

  • The conjugated verbs in Spanish indicate person and tense, therefore, a personal pronoun is not needed unless you need to clarify the subject: él, ella, ellos/as.

 

Common regular -ar verbs in the present tense

necesitar
to need
ahorrar
to save
alquilar
to rent
apagar
to turn off
arreglar
to arrange
ayudar
to help
bailar
to dance
practicar
to practice
borrar
to erase
buscar
to look for
llegar
to arrive
caminar
to walk
descansar
to rest
celebrar
to celebrate
mirar
to look
estudiar
to study
comprar
to buy
contestar
to answer
desear
to want
disfrutar
to enjoy
escuchar
to listen
llorar
to cry
trabajar
to work
repasar
to review

 

Common regular -er verbs in the present tense

aprender
to learn
beber
to drink
comer
to eat
comprender
to understand
correr
to run
prender
to turn on
romper
to break
toser
to cough
vender
to sell
leer
to read

 

Common regular -ir verbs in the present tense

abrir
to open
añadir
to add
asistir
to attend
describir
to describe
discutir
to discuss
escribir
to write
interrumpir
to interrupt

 

Practícalo…

Read outloud the following phrases and identify the endings

Hablo español en la clase. Como vegetales todos los días. Vivo en Pensilvania
Ayudas a tu amiga. Comprendes el vocabulario. Asistes a la clase.
Baila muy bien. Bebe café caliente. Escribe poemas.
Compramos un carro rojo. Aprendemos a leer. Abrimos el libro.
Trabajan en la oficina. Leen la revista. Discuten la lección.

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Topic 1 Present Tense of Regular Verbs by Ana Ivette Serrano and Serrano, Ana is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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