Section III: The Spanish Verbs

Topic 1 Present Tense of Regular Verbs

Los verbos regulares y el presente

Present Tense of Regular Verbs

-ar -er -ir
yo o o o
as es es
Ud./él/ella a e e
nosotros amos emos imos
Uds./ellos/as an en en

The anatomy of a Spanish verb.

The verb in its infinitive form indicates the action or state of being, with no reference to who or what performs the action or when it is done (present, past or future tense).

  • The verb has two parts
    • The stem
    • The ending

Stem

HABL

Ending

AR

HABLAR

To Speak

  • Infinitives in English are indicated by to: to speak, to eat, to live. In Spanish, all verbs in the infinitive have three endings:
    • -ar          Hablar to speak
    • -er          Comer to eat
    • -ir           Vivir to live
  • To conjugate a verb means to give the various forms of the verb the corresponding subject:
    • I speak, you speak, he/she speaks, etc.
      Yo hablo, tú hablas, él/ella habla, etc.
    • I eat, you eat, he/she eats, etc.
      Yo como, tú comes, él/ella come, etc.
    • I live, you live, he/she lives, etc.
      Yo vivo, tú vives, él/ella vive, etc.
  • There are three classifications of verbs.
    • Regular
      when conjugated into a person or tense, the stem is not impacted
    • Irregular
      when conjugated, first person singular has a “g” or a “y”
    • Stem-Changing
      when conjugated, there are changes IN the stem
  • The conjugated verbs in Spanish indicate person and tense, therefore, a personal pronoun is not needed unless you need to clarify the subject: él, ella, ellos/as.

Common regular -ar verbs in the present tense

necesitar

to need

ahorrar

to save

alquilar

to rent

apagar

to turn off

arreglar

to arrange

ayudar

to help

bailar

to dance

practicar

to practice

borrar

to erase

buscar

to look for

llegar

to arrive

caminar

to walk

descansar

to rest

celebrar

to celebrate

mirar

to look

estudiar

to study

comprar

to buy

contestar

to answer

desear

to want

disfrutar

to enjoy

escuchar

to listen

llorar

to cry

trabajar

to work

repasar

to review

Common regular -er verbs in the present tense

aprender

to learn

beber

to drink

comer

to eat

comprender

to understand

correr

to run

prender

to turn on

romper

to break

toser

to cough

vender

to sell

leer

to read

Common regular -ir verbs in the present tense

abrir

to open

añadir

to add

asistir

to attend

describir

to describe

discutir

to discuss

escribir

to write

interrumpir

to interrupt

Practícalo…

Read outloud the following phrases and identify the endings

Hablo español en la clase. Como vegetales todos los días. Vivo en Pensilvania
Ayudas a tu amiga. Comprendes el vocabulario. Asistes a la clase.
Baila muy bien. Bebe café caliente. Escribe poemas.
Compramos un carro rojo. Aprendemos a leer. Abrimos el libro.
Trabajan en la oficina. Leen la revista. Discuten la lección.