Executive Summary

A Building Information Model (BIM) is “a digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a facility.” To successfully implement BIM, a project team must perform detailed and comprehensive planning. A well-documented BIM Project Execution Plan (BEP) will ensure that all parties are clearly aware of the opportunities and responsibilities associated with the incorporation of BIM into the project workflow. A completed BEP should define the appropriate Model Uses for a project (e.g., author design model, design review, and 3D coordination), along with a detailed design and documentation of the process for executing BIM throughout a facility’s lifecycle. Once the plan is created, the team can follow and monitor their progress against this plan to gain the maximum benefits from BIM implementation.

This Guide provides a structured procedure, as displayed in Figure i-1, for creating and implementing a BEP. The five steps within the procedure include:

  1. Define the goals for the implementation of BIM;
  2. Identify high-value Model Uses during project planning, design, construction, and operational phases;
  3. Design the BIM execution process by creating process maps;
  4. Define the information deliverables; and
  5. Develop the infrastructure in the form of contracts, communication procedures, technology, and quality control to support the implementation.


The figure includes a five step procedure including goals, model uses, process, information exchanges and infrastructure.
Figure i-1: BIM Project Execution Planning Procedure

The objective for following the structured procedure is to stimulate planning and direct communication among the project team members during the early phases of a project. The team leading the planning process should include members from all organizations with a significant role in the project. Since there is no single best method for BIM implementation on every project, each team must effectively design a tailored execution strategy by understanding the project goals, the project characteristics, and the capabilities of the team members.

This BIM Project Execution Planning Guide is a product of the BIM Project Execution Planning Project within the buildingSMART alliance™ (bSa), a council within the National Institute of Building Sciences. The bSa is charged with developing the National Building Information Modeling Standard – United States™ (NBIMS-US). This Guide was developed to provide a practical manual that can be used by project teams to design their BIM strategy and develop a BEP. The core modeling and information exchange concepts have been designed to complement the long-term goals of the bSa in the development of a standard that can be implemented throughout the AECOO Industry to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of BIM implementation on projects.



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BIM Project Execution Planning Guide, Version 3.0 Copyright © 2021 by Computer Integration Construction Program is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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