Chapter 3: Basic Emotion Theory and Social Constructivist Theory

Chapter 3 Learning Objectives

  • What is the categorical approach?  [Note: categorical approach is the same concept as discrete emotions and distinct emotions.]
  • From which classical theory was the categorical approach derived?
  • What is the difference between a basic and distinct emotion?
  • What support exists for basic emotions?
  • What are some limitations of the basic emotion perspective?
  • What are the differences in the basic emotion and social constructivist perspectives?
  • What cross-cultural and gender/sex differences in emotion exist?
  • Do the study findings on the four emotion components support basic emotion theory or social constructivist theory?  Why?


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