Chapter 12: Pride – A Positive Self-Conscious Emotion

Eliciting Events

In this study (Tracy & Robins, 2007b)  participants recalled and wrote about a time they felt pride. Then, participants rated the extent to which they felt a variety of pride-related words during this experience, rated their emotions on valence and activation, and reported on their cognitive appraisals.  Then, researchers coded each story for a specific eliciting event category.  Table 1 show the percentage of participants who discussed each eliciting event.

Table 1
Eliciting Events of Pride

A table showing eliciting events of pride
Type of Event Example(s) % of Total Events
Achievement School, grades, exams, work-related events 69%
Athletic Winning competitive game 18%
Personal Personal goals or morals, being better person 12%
Familial Vicarious pride – pride when someone else achieves something 1%
Relational Vicarious pride – when romantic partner achieves something 0%

Adapted from “The psychological structure of pride: A tale of two facets” by J.L. Tracy and R.W. Robins, 2007c, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(3), p. 516. ( Copyright 2007 by the American Psychological Association


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