Chapter 13: Positive Emotions

Vocal Changes – Summary

Basic emotion theorists (Cordaro et al., 2016; Sauter et al., 2010; Sauter & Scott, 2007) and construcivists both found evidence that amusement vocal sounds were recognized across cultures.   Thus, we can conclude that amusement results in the universal sound of laughing. Basic emotions researchers have identified several other vocal sounds that correspond to unique positive emotions, but do conclude that relief and contentment are positive emotions that do may not have a unique vocal sound.


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