Chapter 14 – Emotion Regulation

Response Modulation

Response Modulation occurs after the emotion has already developed.  During response modulation, people any of the emotion components.  Table 2 outlines the types of emotion regulation.

Process Model of Emotion Regulation. Response Modulation is focused on in this figure.


Table 2

Response Modulation Emotion Regulation Strategies

A table showing a type of response modulation, the definition for that type, and examples for that type
Type of Response Modulation Definition Examples
Changing Subjective Feelings Changing the valence or activation of our consciously felt emotions
  • Using alcohol/drugs/food
  • Physical exercise, deep breathing, biofeedback
  • Emotional Suppression: trying to quash consciously felt emotions
Changing Behaviors Changing the behaviors caused by the original emotion. Includes changing facial expressions and vocal changes.
  • Expressive Suppression/Behavior Suppression: reducing facial expressions, body changes, and vocal changes to decrease current felt emotion
  • Expressive Amplification: exaggerate emotional expressions to increase or amplify current felt emotion
Changing Thoughts Suppressing or increasing thoughts to change emotion
  • Emotional Thought Suppression: trying not to think about eliciting event or emotion
  • Amplifying thoughts: increasing focus on our thoughts about the emotion



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