Chapter 14 – Emotion Regulation

Response Modulation

Response Modulation occurs after the emotion has already developed.  During response modulation, people any of the emotion components.  Table 2 outlines the types of emotion regulation.

Process Model of Emotion Regulation. Response Modulation is focused on in this figure.


Table 2

Response Modulation Emotion Regulation Strategies

A table showing a type of response modulation, the definition for that type, and examples for that type
Type of Response Modulation Definition Examples
Changing Subjective Feelings/Physiological Arousal Changing the valence or activation of our consciously felt emotions
  • Using alcohol/drugs/food
  • Physical exercise, deep breathing, biofeedback
  • Emotional Suppression: trying to quash consciously felt emotions
Changing Behaviors Changing the behaviors caused by the original emotion. Includes changing facial expressions and vocal changes.
  • Expressive Suppression/Behavior Suppression: reducing facial expressions, body changes, and vocal changes to decrease current felt emotion
  • Expressive Amplification: exaggerate emotional expressions to increase or amplify current felt emotion
Changing Thoughts Suppressing or increasing thoughts to change emotion
  • Emotional Thought Suppression: trying not to think about eliciting event or emotion
  • Amplifying thoughts: increasing focus on our thoughts about the emotion



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