Chapter 12: Pride – A Positive Self-Conscious Emotion

Subjective Feelings

Watson and Tellegen’s (1985) study found that the term pride was high in positive affect, but the word confident was low in negative affect. Russell’s (1980) model suggests that pride might be somewhere around moderately arousing, pleasant emotions as indicated by similar emotion words like satisfied and pleased.

An image of two models. The Watson and Tellegen model (left) displays where pride and confidence would fall. The right model has 4 quadrants, each quadrant with adjectives that are opposite of what the Watson model would suggest.

Left Figure Reproduced from “Toward a consensual structure of mood.,” by D.T. Watson and A. Tellegen, 1985, Psychological Bulletin, 98(2), p. 221 ( Copyright 1985 by the American Psychological Association.

Right Figure Reproduced from “A circumplex model of affect,” by J.A., 1980, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(6), p. 1168 ( Copyright 1980 by the American Psychological Association.


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